1874 - 1894 Upton Township
Minute book


An analysis of various periods - from study of the original manuscript book held by the CRO

1741 - 1770

1771 - 1799

The family names Brittain (John); Ithell (John); Heskett (Robert); Thomason (Thos); are featured in meeting records - names that still occure in the mid-1800s.
Other names Dunbabin (Peter) and Padlebury? (James) do not accure later on in the mid-1800s.

1800 - 1838 (covers the period when the population grew from c170 to c270 plus the building of the asylum in 1929 to hold c150 patients by 1838

1839 - 1859 (covers the twenty years from the time of the Tithe Map/Apportionments - aperiod when the population grew from approx 270 to 370 (excluding the growing asylum numbers)

The pages mainly record the quarterly accounts along with any meetings - all relating to setting a rate (local tax) and administering local public costs - the key cost seemingly being 'for the poor of the township'.
Meeting are typically of 6 'Overseers of the Poor' - all local males of some 'local standing' - either farmers or significant property/land holders. It appears that occasionally new members join and after a while are elected as 'Overseers of the poor'.

Chairing the meetings and preparing the accounts seemed to circulate around the membership - each 'doing their bit' for a year or so.

    The names in 1839 were -
  • Sam Thomason (farmer at the moated Grange Farm)
  • Francis Dickson (Nurseryman)
  • Thomas Ithell (farming over 25% of the township)
  • George Denson (village centre farmer)
  • George Rolison(of Egerton Arms & farmer)
  • Thomas Seacombe (farmer at Upton Hall)
  • Charles Potts (Chester gentleman of Upper Upton Hall estate)
    By the 1850s Ithell - now at Upton Hall - but may have been Thomas's son Thomas; Thomason & Rolison were still Overseers but new names had appeared
  • William Beecroft (farmer at...)
  • William Evans (now farming from the village centre)
  • William Carter (of Upton Mill)
  • William Hughes
  • John Edward Norton? (could this be farmer John Evans of the 1851 census?)
  • Thomas Wikoxon? (could this be farmer Thomas Worrall of the 1851 census?)
  • John Axe (property owner)
Meetings set the rate eg '6p in the ' based on the rateable value of land/property and occasionally discussed the need to reset certain rateable values. As well as electing in new 'Overseers of the Poor' they elected other roles within their number such as ' Surveyor of Highways' and 'Guardian of the Township' - the duties of the latter not yet identified. Meetings sometimes discussed the state of certain roads (on one occasion Charles Potts even offering to pay 5 if used on the road used to access his estate.

    Typical quarterly accounts based on an income of typically 60
    - typical outgoings
  • 13/9d - constable R Turpin (25% salary - he served other townships)
  • 7/0/d - County rate
  • 10/0d - magistrates fees
  • 40 - to the 'Union' - presumably for allocation to the poor
  • other costs - highways; general expenses; auditors fees etc (one case noted of paying a surgeon - Mr.Harrison)

1860 - 1879 (covers the thirty years of growth in housing (e.g. Upton Park) when the population tripled from approx 370 to 110 (excluding the growing asylum numbers)

1880 - 1894 (covers the fifteen years of further housing when the population grew from approx 1100 to 1500 (excluding the growing asylum numbers)